A BSc Geology is an undergraduate program that is designed to teach students about the dynamic landscapes of the earth and its evolving crust. The program intends to teach students the fundamentals of geology that include geomorphology, hydrogeology, natural resources, social sciences, and more. Students become experts in studying rock structures, mountains, natural bodies, their formation, and evolution as well as their impact on the structure of the earth. Students have also imparted knowledge of the most contemporary natural occurrences including floods, volcanoes, earthquakes, and more. The impact of climatic conditions on the earth and its people is also studied.
Not only is this a very interesting field of study, but this degree also paves the path for higher studies in students like a master’s degree. Multiple specialisations are available within this field and there is no dearth of exciting job opportunities after graduation.
If you are keen on a career role in this field, read this article to know everything about geology and its specialisations to help you decide what’s best for you.
Specialisations in Geology or Types of Geologists
There are many specialisations within geology, and each has a unique skillset and work profile.
- Marine Geologist: A marine geologist students the floor of the ocean. While a physical oceanographer studies the physical aspects of an ocean such as its currents and its influence on the atmosphere. They are responsible for evaluating the movement of surface water and groundwater, after which they advise on how to deal with major crises like treatment of wastewater and the recovery for polluted areas. It involves in-depth knowledge of certain computer software. Marine geologists develop and perform geological studies or research for analysis of testing projects.
2. Petroleum geologist: A petroleum geologist is popularly known as an earth scientist who is responsible for petroleum studies, aspects of oil exploration, and oil manufacturing. They are experts in studying and detecting oil reserves and sources. They conduct the tests for exploring natural gas reserves both onshore and offshore. They are the chief of advising on commercial projects and their viability.
3. Seismologists: Seismologists are responsible for the study of plate tectonics, earth imaging, and earthquakes. They study the changes of the earth’s crust using devices like seismographs and their findings are crucial in reading warning signs of natural disasters such as earthquakes and tsunamis.
4. Geothermal engineer: Geothermal engineers conduct research and study new ways of exploring geothermal energy for various human needs and projects by using technology. Geothermal energy is a very popular field of study, and it can also be defined as thermal energy that is stored in the earth and can be utilised in safe limits to aid human life on earth.
There are even more job profiles in this field and the opportunities only increase with time and more advanced studies. Join a program today to get started on an exciting career.